Pig International - March 2012 - 15

14 Production

|

Vietnam's pig farmers
face productivity challenges
Increased pork demand is forcing the Vietnam pig sector to expand.

By Peter Best and Stuart Lumb
Vietnam is projected to have an on-farm pig
inventory of almost 35 million in 2020, producing
around 3.5 million metric tons of pig meat
per year, according to Vietnam's Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural Development, MARD.
Data from MARD presented at the 2011
Vietstock exhibition in Vietnam, indicates
that national pork production of less
than 1.5 million metric tons liveweight
in 2000 had grown dramatically to 2.3
million tons in 2005 and approached 3
million tons for the first time in 2010.
In liveweight terms, a total of 2.9 million
metric tons of pig meat was produced in
2011. MARD's presentation equated this
to 1.26 million tons carcase weight.

Vietnam's growing pig industry
MARD projects that the production
of 3.5 million metric tons liveweight pig meat, or 2.77
million tons carcase weight, is possible for the Vietnam
pig industry in 2015, rising by 2020 to 4.84 million tons
liveweight (3.495 million tons carcase weight).
The ministry's figures suggest that the total number of
pigs on farms nationally will grow from 28.5 million in 2011 to
34.8 million in 2020. Sow numbers are projected to stabilize at
around 4.8 million, compared with a current level of 4.4 million.
This implies an improvement in productivity for Vietnam's
pig farmers, by pointing to a ratio of almost 0.75 tons of
pork produced per sow per year on average, compared
with recent rates of only about 0.63 tons per sow/year.

An example of a modern Vietnamese
pig farm in Long Thanh, East Vietman.
export to the country are establishing their own nucleus
and multiplication pig units on Vietnamese soil.
These genes are expected to gradually filter down
the pyramids to commercial level and together with
pig feeds that have been formulated to match the
genetics will help boost production levels.
In addition, Charoen Pokphand Foods, which has a big
presence in Vietnam with many integrated operations,
has already initiated training courses for its partner
pig farmers to help them increase productivity.

Pig farms getting larger

Imports threaten Vietnamese pig sector

While there are still a huge number of "backyard"
pig farmers all over Vietnam, many of the country's
units are getting bigger as mechanization gradually
takes over from traditional manual labor.
Many of the big pig farms, which still tend to be fully
or partially state-owned, have imported purebred lines
from Europe and North America to set up nucleus and
multiplier sections to breed their own F1 parent gilts. In
addition, several international companies that already

The dramatic expansion of the Vietnamese pig
sector in recent years has been mainly to try to meet an
astonishing rise in the demand for pork nationally.
Visitors to Vietstock were told that the average annual
uptake of pig meat (in terms of liveweight) in 2000
was only around 15 kilograms per person, but that had
doubled to 30 kg by 2007 and is now around 35 kg.
While locally produced pork failed to match the full
requirement, tariff barriers gave pig producers some protection

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pig International - March 2012

Contents
Pig International - March 2012 - Cover1
Pig International - March 2012 - Cover2
Pig International - March 2012 - Contents
Pig International - March 2012 - 2
Pig International - March 2012 - 3
Pig International - March 2012 - 5
Pig International - March 2012 - 6
Pig International - March 2012 - 7
Pig International - March 2012 - 8
Pig International - March 2012 - 9
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