Pig International - January/February 2014 - 5

|5
amylose and amylopectine are found,
have varying sizes and shapes, as
shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.

Gelatinization, starch
digestibility

figure 2. Amylose, resistAnt stArch content meAsured in vitro
Amylose
content (%)

Resistant
starch (%)

Granule
size (┬Ám)

corn

26

7.0

3-26

round, polygonal

Waxy corn

<1

2.5

3-26

round, polygonal

Amylocorn

70

21.3

3-24

round, deformed

Pea

33

10.5

20-40

oval, round

Granule shape

Cereal processing can lead to
Wheat
25
7.8
2-10
lenticular
increased starch digestibility by
Potato
20
4.4
5-100
oval, spherical
source: (adapted from Weurding, 2002)
enhancing the readily available
starch fraction. Rapidly available
The ratio between amylose and amylopectine, the two major starch forms in all
starch provides the gut with
cereals, is not standard among all starch sources.
immediate energy to be used as
fuel by intestinal microbes, and of
this effect ranges from 0 to 19 percent, a
course, by the enteric epithelium. In a recent
reduction in cereal particle size, (which itself
review, the De Vries et al. (2012), stated
causes enhanced starch digestibility), a
that cereal processing not only leads
higher efficiency of added feed enzymes
to a higher amount of easily digestible
(1.5 - 6x) and improved palatability.
starch, but also to a higher digestibility
Cereal thermal processing (cooking)
of non-starch polysaccharides (in pigs
is more desirable for the young piglet.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pig International - January/February 2014

Contents
Pig International - January/February 2014 - Cover1
Pig International - January/February 2014 - Cover2
Pig International - January/February 2014 - Contents
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 2
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 3
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 4
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 5
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 6
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 7
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 8
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 9
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 10
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 11
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 12
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 13
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 14
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 15
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 16
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 17
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 18
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 19
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 20
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 21
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 22
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 23
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 24
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 25
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 26
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 27
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 28
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 29
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 30
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 31
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 32
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 33
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 34
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 35
Pig International - January/February 2014 - 36
Pig International - January/February 2014 - Cover3
Pig International - January/February 2014 - Cover4
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