Pig International - November 2017 - 16

16 ❙ PigInternational
MASTITIS IN SOWS

Mastitis in sows: Why, how and what to do
Cause

Reason

Solution

Damage to teat

Previous mastitis, piglet
trauma or injury

Maintain housing, consider teeth
grinding or clipping

Udder contamination

Wet bedding or build up of feces

Change bedding source. Ensure farrowing areas
are clean and dry. Remove sow feces regularly.

Poor lying habits

Poor housing design or
temperature control

Check floor surfaces and drainage.
Maintain environmental control
equipment and keep records.

Udder edema

Constipation, inappropriate diet

Make sure feed intake is not too high, diet
contains roughage and drinking is encouraged.

Environmental exposure

Water, bedding, feces

Maintain a high level of hygiene
and check water quality.

Previous mastitis

Damage to udder

Check udders regularly at farrowing,
weaning and before service.

Stress

Sudden changes, unsuitable
environment or rough handling

Make sure that management of the pregnant
and lactating sow minimizes fear or excitement.

There are a number of practical steps producers can take to reduce the likelihood of sows developing mastitis.
by flies. Wallowing does help create a physical barrier, so producers should be vigilant in warm weather
that wallows don't dry up. "For indoor herds, fly control should be a top priority, particularly in the summer," said Webster.
In terms of bacterial control, Webster highlighted the importance using good quality bedding.
"Use the best products available for sow and piglet housing; if bedding is damp or poorly produced, it can harbor
microorganisms. Klebsiella is usually associated with
wood shavings so if this organism is a problem on a unit,
either change the source or I would recommend using
shredded paper or chopped straw - if the slurry system
can cope with this," she explained. End-of-season straw
that has been poorly stored can also cause problems.
Hygiene in the sow's environment is key to controlling
bacteria and preventing infections. The integrity of the flooring
itself is also important as poor surfaces can cause traumatic
injury, allowing bacteria into the mammary glands. "The other
common damage to teats is from piglets teeth, which is why
teeth clipping or grinding is a consideration. If there is a regular problem via this route, it is justified to employ one of these
methods in the first few days of a piglet's life," said Webster. 

Read more: 12 tips for
feeding hyperprolific
lactating sows,
www.WATTAgNet.com/
articles/28886

Diagnosis and treatment
While there are a lot of risk factors that producers can
help to manage, the most important thing is to ensure
early diagnosis. "Milk samples can be taken from the affected glands in order to culture microorganisms. When
investigating cases of mastitis, identifying the sources of
infection is important. From that you can devise a targeted
control plan," said Webster. It may also be advisable to
test the water source and bedding.
Determining antibiotic sensitivity can be useful for
future cases. However, individual treatment of affected
animals should begin immediately. Even if the sow is successfully treated, serious infections will reduce milk production. "Supplementary milk should be given to piglets
but if they are very young they may need to be fostered
straight away," she added.
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ November/December 2017


http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/28886 http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pig International - November 2017

Pig International - November 2017
Contents
Pigs and Money
Industry Happenings
What you should know about gastric ulcers in pigs
Business, science behind phytogenics in pig feeds
Mastitis in sows: A perennial problem
Understanding chemistry of organic acids in antibiotic-free diets
How piglet gastric pH development affects gut health
Debunking trace mineral myths in animal nutrition
Animal feed formulation: Fiber matrix secrets revealed
World’s top 40 pork processors
World’s top 40 pork producers
5 programs pig producers don’t want to miss at IPPE 2018
Products
Marketplace
Advertisers’ Index
Pig International - November 2017 - BB1
Pig International - November 2017 - BB2
Pig International - November 2017 - Pig International - November 2017
Pig International - November 2017 - Cover2
Pig International - November 2017 - Contents
Pig International - November 2017 - Pigs and Money
Pig International - November 2017 - Industry Happenings
Pig International - November 2017 - What you should know about gastric ulcers in pigs
Pig International - November 2017 - 5
Pig International - November 2017 - 6
Pig International - November 2017 - 7
Pig International - November 2017 - Business, science behind phytogenics in pig feeds
Pig International - November 2017 - 9
Pig International - November 2017 - 10
Pig International - November 2017 - 11
Pig International - November 2017 - 12
Pig International - November 2017 - 13
Pig International - November 2017 - Mastitis in sows: A perennial problem
Pig International - November 2017 - 15
Pig International - November 2017 - 16
Pig International - November 2017 - 17
Pig International - November 2017 - 18
Pig International - November 2017 - 19
Pig International - November 2017 - Understanding chemistry of organic acids in antibiotic-free diets
Pig International - November 2017 - 21
Pig International - November 2017 - 22
Pig International - November 2017 - 23
Pig International - November 2017 - How piglet gastric pH development affects gut health
Pig International - November 2017 - 25
Pig International - November 2017 - 26
Pig International - November 2017 - 27
Pig International - November 2017 - Debunking trace mineral myths in animal nutrition
Pig International - November 2017 - 29
Pig International - November 2017 - 30
Pig International - November 2017 - 31
Pig International - November 2017 - Animal feed formulation: Fiber matrix secrets revealed
Pig International - November 2017 - 33
Pig International - November 2017 - 34
Pig International - November 2017 - 35
Pig International - November 2017 - World’s top 40 pork processors
Pig International - November 2017 - World’s top 40 pork producers
Pig International - November 2017 - 5 programs pig producers don’t want to miss at IPPE 2018
Pig International - November 2017 - Products
Pig International - November 2017 - Advertisers’ Index
Pig International - November 2017 - Cover3
Pig International - November 2017 - Cover4
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